Mindfulness-based therapy practices are those that integrate the use of a dedicated practice of mindfulness meditation and awareness to facilitate feelings of calm and well-being. A mindfulness practice has been found to be extremely effective in treating psychiatric disorders and general states of stress or unhappiness. Focusing on becoming aware of incoming thoughts and feelings and accepting them, but not attaching or reacting to them, aids in disengaging from self-criticism, rumination, and negatively focused mood states that can arise when reacting to unhelpful thinking patterns. Similarly, developing a single pointed focus whereby a person can be in and aware of the present moment without judgment significantly reduces stress and helps the individual to make clear choices that are not dictated by emotion.
Mindfulness meditation or other present-moment grounding exercises can be used in the session to teach clients to achieve a calmer state through these practices. For example, noticing the breath or planting the feet on the floor and practicing present moment sensations are all practices that might be used. The expectation is that after practice in session, the client will use these skills in everyday life to better manage anxiety, depression or other mental health disorders.
Mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR), mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT), dialectal behavior therapy (DBT), and acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) are some mindfulness-based techniques currently utilized in therapy.